- Main interests
- Field of work
- Cotton Breeding
- Employer or Research organization
- Pakistan Central Cotton Committee
- Countries familiar with
Review of the Cotton Market in Pakistan and its Future Prospects
Pakistan is the world’s 4th largest producer of cotton. Cultivation along the Indus River extends across nearly 3 million hectares and serves as the backbone of the economy. Despite this importance, information on the cotton sector in Pakistan, in particular with regard to cotton oils, is scanty and not available from a single source. This review seeks to remedy that gap. Though cultivated mainly for fiber, its kernel seed oil is also used as an edible vegetable oil and accounts for a large share of the local oil industry; per capita consumption of edible oils is nearly 14 kg, which is much higher than consumption in countries at similar levels of economic development. Pakistan fulfills 17.7% of its demand for edible oils through cottonseed oil. Total demand for this purpose in 2029-30 is estimated at 5.36 million tons of which local production will be 1.98 million tons. Genetically modified (Bt) cotton was introduced in Pakistan in 2010 to control three deleterious lepidopterous insects; it now accounts for more than 85% of the cotton cultivated. There is good scope for organic cotton production in Pakistan, especially in non-traditional cotton growing areas where there is less insect pressure. High temperature and water scarcity associated with climate change are a major concern, since current cultivation takes place in areas that already experience extremely high temperatures.
- Year of publication
- Tassawar Hussain Malik, Muhammad Zahir Ahsan
Morphological Diversity and Vegetative Traits Description of Several Cotton Accessions
Utilization of germplasm in crop development is very fundamental. Currently cotton germplasm in Indonesia is very limited, given the need for national cotton raw materials can only meet about 0.5%, which have an impact on the rate of national availability of superior cotton varieties. This study aimed to characterize vegetative description of cotton plants that were introduced from Pakistan and the United States. The experiments were performed at the State Polytechnic of Lampung, Experimental Garden on morphological characters descriptively by using Cotton Descriptor of IBPGR. Characters were observed are the type of growth, plant color, hairiness, leaf shape, color petal. There are differences between the accession observed characters given species or strains used different genetic backgrounds. In general, the type of growth with compact type found in the species G. hirsutum, green leaf color with partly greenish purple. The hairiness of characters contained in the entire accession. Characteristics and description that has been observed is very important to determine the direction of the cotton plant breeding in accordance with the needs of farmers and the industry, given that some morphological characters can be used as reference for indirect selection.
- Year of publication
- Jakty Kusuma, Muhammad Zahir Ahsan, Khalid Abdullah
Genetic variability in different biometric traits of upland cotton genotypes
The experiment was conducted to determine the direct and indirect effects of the some yield attributing traits like plant height, bolls. plant-1 , boll weight, seed index, lint index and ginning outturn on seedcotton yield per hectare. The experiment was carried out in randomized complete block design with twelve genotypes during 2014-15 at Central Cotton Research Institute Sakrand. Analysis of Variance revealed that all genotypes significantly differ from each other for all the recorded traits which were further grouped by the least significant difference. Seedcotton yield per hectare showed highly significant positive genotypic and phenotypic correlation with bolls. plant-1 (0.984, 0.982) and with boll weight (0.490, 487). Plant height also showed highly significant negative genotypic and phenotypic correlation with seed index (-0.526,-0.522). Plant height Seed index, lint index and ginning outturn showed non significant genotypic and phenotypic correlation with seedcotton yield per hectare. Bolls. plant-1 had maximum direct effect (0.945) followed by the boll weight (0.062), seed index (0.007), lint index (0.040) and plant height and ginning outturn had negative direct effect (-0.119 and-0.014) to the seedcotton yield per hectare.
- Year of publication
- Muhammad Zahir Ahsan, Tassawar Hussain Malik