Advances in cotton ginning technology in India
Jun 16, 2019

Network coordination Post Harvest Post-Harvest-Asia Network-MedMiddleEast

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Author


M.K. Sharma

President, Bajaj Steel Industries Ltd., Nagpur India

Abstract


The introduction of TMC and TUF by Govt. of India from year 2000 made great impact on modernization of ginning sector in India and even after completion of TMC in year 2010 it has created a trend of automated and modernized ginning factories in India hence majority of new ginning factories being established even after year 2010 in India are following the guidelines of TMC. This has resulted in significant reduction of trash and contamination in Indian cotton. The Indian cotton has got wide acceptance across the globe on quality parameters and India has achieved the status of second largest exporter of cotton in the world.

The journey of modernization of various operations in a ginning

& pressing factory is being continued to further improve the quality and cost efficiency as well as ease of operations for ginning & pressing factories and many advances have taken place in the past few years to improve the processing of this unique crop, each component of which is having multiple uses similar to items like coconut where each component adds to value. Continued journey of advances is day by day improving the areas remaining to be addressed for the cotton processing sector in most beneficial manner.
The Goals:

The full potential of the cotton crop by optimizing the processing parameters and to make its fullest and best use will be achieved only when following goals are achieved:

  1. The cotton fibre will be ginned in a  way  that  it  retains best natural fibre parameters e. maximum length,  natural  luster, and other natural parameters as they are available on the cotton boll when it is grown on plant in the field.

  2. To fully utilize the various components of seed cotton e. cotton lint, cotton seed, hull, kernel, and oil.


To fully utilize the cotton stalk etc. to make various items such as wood pallets, particle boards, biogas, energy generation & compost making.

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