Cotton Breeding Studies in Turkey: History and Future Trends
Dec 21, 2018
Cotton breeding in Turkey started in the 1920’s by governmental organizations such as research institutes and state universities and to some extent by private organizations. Initially, breeding consisted of introduction, selection, seed multiplication and inter and intra-specific crossing studies. Later, it focused on the investigation of heritability of desirable morphological, physiological and technological characteristics. Starting in the 1980’s, mutation breeding has gained importance. Furthermore, experiments at various locations in Turkey have been conducted by institutes and universities to determine genotype-environment interactions. During the last decade emphasis has been placed on earliness, resistance to pests and diseases, improved fiber quality and ginning efficiency. The future trends in cotton breeding in Turkey is crossing and gene transfer for obtaining high yielding varieties with superior fiber characteristics resistant to pests and diseases, as well as varieties suitable for organic cotton farming (including natural coloured cotton).