Unraveling the puzzle of the origin and evolution of cotton A-genome
By Fan Qin on Jul 2, 2020

Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

[Abstract] Gossypium hirsutum, the most widely planted cotton species, its evolution has long been an unsolved puzzle because of its hybrid origin from D-genome and A-genome species. To better understand the genetic component of cotton, Huang et al. recently sequenced and assembled the first A1-genome G. herbaceum, and updated the A2-genome G. arbo...

Applying plant-based irrigation scheduling to assess water use efficiency of cotton following a high-biomass rye cover crop
By Fan Qin on Jul 2, 2020

Agronomy & physiology Agro-Physio-north-america JCR

[Background] This study addressed the potential of combining a high biomass rye winter cover crop with predawn leaf water potential (ΨPD) irrigation thresholds to increase agricultural water use efficiency (WUE) in cotton. To this end, a study was conducted near Tifton, Georgia under a manually-controlled, variable-rate lateral irrigation system us...

Genotypic variance in 13C-photosynthate partitioning and within-plant boll distribution in cotton
By Fan Qin on Jun 23, 2020

Agronomy & physiology Agro-physio-Asia Breeding JCR

[Background] Photosynthate partitioning and within-plant boll distribution play an important role in yield formation of cotton; however, if and how they interact to mediate yield remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the genotypic variance in photosynthate partitioning and within-plant boll distribution, with a focus on th...

Membrane lipid raft organization during cotton fiber development
By Fan Qin on May 25, 2020

Agronomy & physiology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Cotton fiber is a single-celled seed trichome that originates from the ovule epidermis. It is an excellent model for studying cell elongation. Along with the elongation of cotton fiber cell, the plasma membrane is also extremely expanded. Despite progress in understanding cotton fiber cell elongation, knowle...

Succinate dehydrogenase SDH1–1 positively regulates cotton resistance to Verticillium dahliae through a salicylic acid pathway
By Fan Qin on May 6, 2020

Disease control Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Verticillium wilt, caused by the soil-borne fungus of Verticillium dahliae Kleb., is one of the most devastating diseases of cotton. The complex mechanism underlying cotton resistance to Verticillium wilt remains uncharacterized. Identifying an endogenous resistance gene may be helpful to control this diseas...

Screening and evaluation of reliable traits of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes for salt tolerance at the seedling growth stage
By Fan Qin on Apr 21, 2020

Agronomy & physiology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Salt stress significantly inhibits the growth, development, and productivity of cotton because of osmotic, ionic, and oxidative stresses. Therefore, the screening and development of salt tolerant cotton cultivars is a key issue towards sustainable agriculture. This study subjected 11 upland cotton genotypes...

Stability, variation, and application of AFIS fiber length distributions
By Fan Qin on Apr 21, 2020

JCR Fiber Quality

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Fiber length is one of the primary quality parameters for the cotton industry when considering the textile performance and end-use quality of cotton. Currently, many decisions regarding cotton fiber length utilize the industry standard measurement device, i.e., the High Volume Instrument (HVI). However, it i...

GbAt11 gene cloned from Gossypium barbadense mediates resistance to Verticillium wilt in Gossypium hirsutum
By Fan Qin on Apr 17, 2020

Disease control Biomol - Biotechnology Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Gossypium hirsutum is highly susceptible to Verticillium wilt, and once infected Verticillium wilt, its yield is greatly reduced. But G. barbadense is highly resistant to Verticillium wilt. It is possible that transferring some disease-resistant genes from G. barbadense to G. hirsutummay contribute to G. hir...

Towards complete deconstruction of cotton transcriptional landscape
By Fan Qin on Apr 7, 2020

Biomol - Biotechnology Biomol - Biotech-Asia JCR

Journal of Cotton Research Abstract: Recently, Wang et al. systematically explored the transcription landscape in diploid cotton Gossypium arboreum. In the study, they integrated four high-throughput sequencing techniques, including Pacbio sequencing, strand-specific RNA sequencing (ssRNA-seq), Cap analysis gene expression sequencing (CAGE-seq), a...

Extrafloral nectary–the sleeping beauty of plant science
By Fan Qin on Mar 25, 2020

Biomol - Biotechnology Pest control JCR

Journal of Cotton Research Abstract: Cotton is one of the most important cash crops, its growth season coincides with a high incidence of diverse groups of pests, leading to heavy use of pesticides. Recent identification of a signaling protein as a candidate regulator of cotton extrafloral nectary provides a new insight into the formation of sophi...

QTL mapping for plant height and fruit branch number based on RIL population of upland cotton
By Fan Qin on Feb 26, 2020

Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Plant height (PH) and fruit branch number (FBN) are important traits for improving yield and mechanical harvesting of cotton. In order to identify genes of PH and FBN in cotton germplasms to develop superior cultivars, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for these traits were detected based on the phenotypic eval...

The GhREV transcription factor regulate the development of shoot apical meristem in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum)
By Fan Qin on Feb 25, 2020

Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Manual topping is a routine agronomic practice for balancing the vegetative and reproductive growth of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) in China, but its cost-effectiveness has decreased over time. Therefore, there is an urgent need to replace manual topping with new approaches, such as biological topping. In thi...

Identification of QTLs and candidate genes for physiological traits associated with drought tolerance in cotton
By Fan Qin on Feb 24, 2020

Breeding & Genetic improvement Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Cotton is mainly grown for its natural fiber and edible oil. The fiber obtained from cotton is the indispensable raw material for the textile industries. The ever changing climatic condition, threatens cotton production due to a lack of sufficient water for its cultivation. Effects of drought stress are esti...

Transient expression of SbDhr2 and MeHNL in Gossypium hirsutum for herbivore deterrence assay with Spodoptera litura
By Fan Qin on Feb 23, 2020

Crop Protection Biomol - Biotechnology Pest control JCR

Journal of Cotton Research [Background] Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), commonly known as tobacco cutworm or cotton leafworm, is a polyphagous pest which causes considerable damage to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and other crops. Herbivore-induced defence response is activated in plants against chewing pests, in which plant secondary me...

Soil replacement combined with subsoiling improves cotton yields
By Fan Qin on Feb 22, 2020

Agronomy & physiology JCR

[Background] Long-term rotary tillage has led to the deterioration of cotton production in northern China. This deterioration is due to the disturbance of topsoil, a dense plough pan at the 20–50 cm depth, and the decreased water storage capacity. A 2-yr field experiment was performed from 2014 to 2015 to explore a feasible soil tillage approach to...

Comparative effects of crop residue incorporation and inorganic potassium fertilization on soil C and N characteristics and microbial activities in cotton field
By Fan Qin on Dec 24, 2019

Agronomy & physiology JCR

[Background] Crop residue incorporation into the soil is an effective method to augment soil potassium (K) content, and effects of crop residue and K fertilizer on soil K balance have been compared. However, their influences on other soil characteristics such as carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) characteristics and microbial activities have not been quan...

Bt insecticidal efficacy variation and agronomic regulation in Bt cotton
By Fan Qin on Dec 23, 2019

JCR

Abstract: The bollworm can be controlled effectively with Bacillus thuringiensistransgenic cotton (Bt cotton) which is being applied worldwide. However, the insecticidal efficacy is not stable. Here we give a summary of research progress for the mechanism of the altered insecticidal efficacy, factors affecting the expression of insect resistance, a...

Evaluation of the genetic diversity of fibre quality traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) inferred from phenotypic variations
By Fan Qin on Dec 23, 2019

Breeding JCR Fiber Quality

[Background] Evaluating phenotypic traits is very important for the selection of elite lines in Gossypium hirsutum L. Cotton breeders are interested in using diverse genotypes in hybridization that can segregate for traits of interested with the possibility of selection and genetic gain. Information on phenotypic and molecular diversity helps the b...

Towards improving drought resistance and lodging resistance in cotton
By Fan Qin on Dec 12, 2019

JCR

Abstract: Cotton is one of the most important fiber and oil crop in the world and the fiber yield as well as quality traits are negatively affected by drought and lodging. Improving root gravitropism is a very effective way to enhance the crop resistance to drought and lodging stresses. Recent advance in origin and formation of root gravitropism ma...

Antioxidant and Physiological Responses of Upland Cotton Accessions Grown Under High-Temperature Regimes
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Nov 29, 2019

Agronomy & physiology

Increased temperature caused by climate change is exerting negative impacts on productivity of cotton crop. Therefore, breeding cultivars tolerant of high temperature are need of the time. Realizing the situation, 154 accessions of upland cotton were sown under alpha lattice design in three replications in two sowing dates. The first sowing date wa...