Physiology of Cotton under Irrigated and Dryland Conditions in Spain
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 18, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The main cotton-producing area in Spain is Andalucia, where it is grown mainly under irrigation (about 100,000 ha). Efforts are being made to increase the efficiency of irrigation water use. This investigation compares responses of five cultivars of upland cotton to growth under irrigated (Las Torres field station at Alcalá del Rio) or ra...

Physiological Responses of Cotton to Water Deficit in Pakistan
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 18, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT In Pakistan most cotton is grown under irrigation. Between 1994 and 1997 a series of experiments were conducted at two sites, The Postgraduate Agriculture Research Station of the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and the Central Cotton Research Institute in Multan, to examine the effects of reduced irrigation on the yield and physiolo...

Problems of Growing Cotton in Marginal Regions
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 18, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Bulgaria is among the most northerly cotton producing countries in the world. Hydrothermal conditions during the growing season put specific requirements on cultivars and production practices. Russia and the Ukraine intend to re-introduce cotton production based on Bulgarian experience and early maturing cultivars. The constraints will...

FINISH®, a Physiological Approach to Cotton Boll Opening and Defoliation
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 18, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Dehiscence processes (boll opening, leaf shedding) in the cotton plant is mediated through a delicate balance of plant hormones. Ethylene promotes dehiscence primarily by stimulating the enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of insoluble pectates and cellulose that ensure the adherence of cells in the abscission zones. The growth promoting p...

Fiber Contamination and Impurities Tester - FCT: A Powerful Tool to Help the Ginner to Optimize Trash, Neps and Seed Coat Fragment Content during Ginning
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 18, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT For many years, solutions have been sought to the problem contaminants of stickiness, seed coat fragments (SCF), neps and trash. The FCT, currently being used I all sectors of the chain, provides a perfect, fast and accurate solution to the measurement of these parameters. The FCT is a new generation of fiber testing systems that is based...

Integrated Crop Management in the Age of Genetically Engineered Traits
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT With the recent introduction of genetically engineered input traits such as insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, a new dimension has been added to cotton production. Maximizing cotton yield and fibre quality will move beyond conventional crop protection, integrating the new technology with the use of insecticides, herbicides and har...

A New Device for Small Scale Cottonseed Acid Delinting
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The inefficiency of large scale delinting units to delint small amounts of cottonseed for the experiments conducted by research institutes has lead to the construction of a small experimental cottonseed delinting unit. The experimental delinting device was constructed at the premises of the company Myron Nikolaidis. Stainless steel was u...

Influence of Seed Processing and Delinting on the Degree and Uniformity of Seed-to-Seed Loading After Treatment with Gaucho and Monceren T WS
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Insecticide seed dressings like Gaucho and Monceren T WS on delinted cotton seed have to receive small doses in mg ai/seed to guarantee equal coverage for adequate protection of each young cotton plant. Bayer offers a “Quality Charter" and technical assistance to professional seed plants to reach the target of registered dose rate with Ga...

Performance of Genetically Transformed Bt Cotton in South Africa and Implications for Emerging Small Scale Farmers
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The Delta and Pinelands cotton cultivars, NuCOTN 37B and NuCOTN 35B, containing Monsanto’s patented Bollgard® Bt-gene technology was performance tested under irrigated, rainfed and small scale conditions in all cotton producing regions of South Africa (approximately 25 trials). A minimum of 1ha of the transgenic cultivar was planted adjac...

Carfentrazone-Ethyl (F8426): a New Low-Dose Cotton Defoliant
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Carfentrazone-ethyl is a new low dose Protox inhibitor that is currently under development as a post-emergence broad-leaf herbicide in a wide range of crops. It has an excellent toxicological and environmental profile and is already registered for use in cereals in many countries, e.g. Germany, UK and France. Field trials conducted in Gre...

Gaucho - A New Dimension in Cotton Seed Treatment
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Imidcloprin is the active ingredient of Gaucho®. If belongs to the new chloronicotinyle group of active ingredients. It is user-safe and environmentally friendly with good biological effectiveness and root systemic efficacy. Field tests in various cotton producing countries have shown that Gaucho performs well against early season sucking...

The Effect of Sludge and Water from a Sewage Treatment Plant on the Growth of Cotton Plants
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The effect of water and sludge from a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) in Keratea, Greece, on the growth of G. hirsutum was studied in a pot experiment. Cotton plants were grouped according to the substrate in which they were cultivated: soil, soil + fertilizer, soil + sludge in two different rates (10:1 and 2:1). Half of the plants in each g...

Cotton Boll Weevil Research in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay in the Framework of the ICAC / 04 Project
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

Overview of Project Activities The boll weevil, the most destructive pest of the cotton crop in America, spread to Venezuela in 1949, was detected in Brazil in 1983 (Burke et al., 1986) and in Paraguay in 1991, becoming a major cotton pest in this two countries. In 1993 the boll weevil was detected in Argentina in the areas bordering Paraguay (Góm...

Factors Limiting Cotton Productivity in Uganda
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton is one of the major traditional export crops in Uganda. The crop is grown by smallholder farmers on 1 ha or less, with average yield of 388 kg/ha. Seed cotton yields, however, range between 200 kg/ha in the North-East to 1000 kg/ha in the West. At research institutes, yields of between 1500 kg and 2500 kg/ha are obtainable. The hug...

Waxes and Wax Pores of Adult Silverleaf Whiteflies, Bemesia argentifolia, and their Dustywing Predator, Semidalis flinti
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Adult whiteflies and dustywing cover all parts of the body except the eyes with waxy particles. Whiteflies produce filaments of a waxy material from abdominal wax plates, composed of many pores and use their tibia to periodically break off the extruding filaments to form waxy particles. The particles are a mixture of long-chain aldehydes...

Comparison Between Conventional and Organic Cotton Growing in Greece: Economics of Four Year Studies
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton is one of the world’s highest consumers of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. The extensive use of agrochemicals has substantially reduced the crop profitability and viability, giving rise to a multitude of problems related to crop production, organic matter reduction, soil erosion, environmental pollution, groundwater contami...

Cottonseed Utilization and Human Nutrition
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The introduction of glandless cotton, which is free of the ‘gossypol’ pigments, makes possible a reduction of processing cost and refining loss of edible cottonseed oil and also enables cottonseeds and/or cottonseed protein to be consumed by swine, poultry and humans. Cottonseed utilization in human foods offers a tremendous new market fo...

Losses Incurring During Cotton Mechanical Harvesting, in Central Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT An investigation on the losses incurring during cotton mechanical harvesting was undertaken during the last five years within a programme to assess the performance of cotton pickers in the area. The investigation was on commercial fields as well as experimental fields. Losses were defined as pre-harvest (the cotton that fell on the ground...

A Comparative Cost Analysis of Organic and Conventional Cotton Production in Viotia - Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton growing in Greece has been drastically affected by E.U. policies, oversupply and declining prices. Cotton cultivation also ranks high in the list of heavily polluting crops. The perspectives of liberalized world agricultural markets and the danger of declining soil fertility make alternative cotton cultivation techniques a timely a...

Integrated Pest Management for Cotton: An International Project Funded by the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT This joint international project involves Egypt, Ethiopia, Israel and Zimbabwe. It aims to develop integrated methods for the control of whitefly and aphids, .the insects that cause stickiness. The CFC approved the project in 1994 for a research period of four years and extended it into a fifth year. The project is now in its fourth year...