Effects of Organic and Inorganic Nitrogen Fertilizer Applications on Cotton Yield, Quality and Soil Properties in Gezira, Sudan
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A factorial field trial investigating the effects of farm yard-manure (FYM) and urea application on cotton yield, quality and soil properties was conducted on a Vertisolic soil, low in organic matter, using cultivar Acala 93-H, for 3 consecutive seasons (1995-98) at the Gezira Research Station in Sudan. The FYM was given at 3 levels (0, 1...

Yield and Quality Properties of Cotton as Affected by Potassium Fertilization
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A four year field test was initiated in 1997 to evaluate potassium as a soil treatment on yield and fiber quality of cotton in Adana. Four rates of potassium as K2SO4 (0, 80, 160 and 240 kg/ha) were applied to C.1518 cotton in two splits with half the K applied at planting and half when the crop reached the first bloom stage. Yield, plant...

Foliar Fertilization in Cotton
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The supply of nutrients through the soil can be restricted by different factors such as soil compactness, extreme conditions of soil/water regime, pH of the soil solution, etc. Excessive N application to the soil might lead to environmental hazards. Foliar fertilization, when correctly applied provides solutions to many of these cases and...

KTS-Potassium Thiosulphate – A Liquid Potassium and Sulphur Fertilizer for Cotton Production
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT KTS is a clear liquid fertilizer product containing 25% K20 and 17% sulphur. This product was developed in the early 1990’s and currently is being manufactured in the US and distributed throughout the cotton growing regions of North and South America, Australia and the Middle East. KTS can be used as a source of potassium and sulphur for...

Tillage, Cover Crop and N Effects on Cotton Grown in 19 cm Row Widths
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT In areas of the USA where cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is traditionally harvested with a spindle picker, there is widespread interest in producing cotton in narrow rows and harvesting with a stripper harvester. Optimum management practices with this system are not well-defined. This study was conducted to determine the effects of residu...

Influence of Nitrogen and Boron Interaction on Cotton Production
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Studies across the cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) growing regions of the United States have shown boron and nitrogen to be essential nutrients for profitable cotton production. Four levels of nitrogen (N) (0, 34, 67, and 101 kg/ha for 1996 and 0, 67, 101, and 135 kg/ha for 1997) and four levels of boron (B) (0, 0.56, 1.12, and 2.24 kg/ha)...

Assessing the Salinity Threat to Sustainable Irrigated Cotton Production in the Lower Gwydir and Macintyre Valleys
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Worldwide, the incidence of soil and water salinisation is increasing. This is particularly the case in irrigated agricultural regions and potentially in Australia’s intensively irrigated cotton-growing areas. This paper describes a broad scale approach to estimate this threat in the cotton growing areas of the lower Gwydir and Macintyre...

Optimization of Cotton Irrigation using Evolutionary Algorithm and Simulation Model
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The optimal management of irrigation is a principal constraint facing agriculture worldwide. The potential number of combinations of irrigation schedules over a growing season is enormous when the variables involved are considered. Theoretically, on any given day during a cropping season, a decision can be made to irrigate or not. This as...

Influence of Irrigation and Plant Density on Cotton Yield in Southern Italy
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The effects of irrigation timing and plant density on the main morphological and agronomic characters of cotton were investigated over five years from 1987 to 1991 in Southern Italy. Five irrigation levels were combined with four plant densities (6, 9, 12 and 15 plants per m2). Times and volumes of irrigation were determined by thermopluv...

Economization of Nitrogen Requirement of Summer Irrigated Cotton through Use of Biofertilizers
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT An experiment was conducted on G. hirsutum variety LRA 5166 under summer irrigated conditions in Western Maharashtra to assess the possibility of reducing rates of N fertilizer through the use of bio-fertilizers. The experiment was on a medium deep, black soil, low in N, medium in P2O5 and high in K2O. Experiments were repeated over three...

Effects of Meteorological Parameters and Irrigation on Cotton Phenology in Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The influence of temperature, relative humidity, rainfall and irrigation on the duration of cotton phenological stages was studied in the cotton producing zone of Greece during a 10 year period (1986-1994). Influence was found to be parameter and stage dependent. Temperature was the most time affecting parameter. More specifically, the mi...

Irrigation Withdrawal Time, Nitrogen Fertilization, and Cultivar Maturity Interactions in Upland Cotton
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Sep 12, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Normal cotton management practices in South Texas terminate irrigation as early as first open boll (about 6 weeks after first bloom) and use N fertilization rates ranging from 135 to 200 kg/ha. Experiments were conducted at the Texas A&M University Agricultural Research and Extension Centre in Uvalde, TX during the 1995, 1996, and 199...

Integrated Crop Management Practices in Cotton under Greek Conditions
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT During the last two years (1996-1997), trials were conducted in different locations in Greece to establish an integrated crop management approach over some of the main varieties, mainly through growth regulation. An intensive use of the plant mapping to establish plant parameters (plant height, number of nodes above white flower on positi...

Developing Integrated Weed Management Systems for Cotton
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The Australian cotton industry is responding to increased pressure to reduce reliance on pesticides. An important part of this program is the examination of weed control and herbicide use patterns. Attention is now being given to the significant amounts of herbicide being applied in cotton rotations and possibilities for herbicide reducti...

Conservation Tillage for Cotton Growing
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The systems of consumption, production and trade, speciality after the Second World War, have deteriorated as consequence of degradation of the environment and natural resources. During the last year as an answer to this situation, Conalgodón has been working around the conservation tillage to increase and protect the soil, considering it...

The Effect of Irrigation and Fertilization on Cotton Growth and Development under Greek Conditions
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The effect of two irrigation levels and two N-fertilization practices on the growth and productivity of two Greek cotton varieties (e.g. Zeta-2, Korina) was investigated in a field experiment carried out in central Greece, in 1997. The irrigation levels are 320 mm/yr (I2) which is normal for the study area, and an amount by 20% lower, viz...

The Influence of Tillage on Weed Density, Cotton Growth and Yield
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A field experiment was conducted at Larissa, Greece, during 1996, on a clay soil (1% OM), to investigate the effect of three tillage systems (conventional, strip and minimum tillage) on weed emergence, cotton growth and weed-cotton competition. Mouldboard ploughing, followed by chisel ploughing and a single pass with a flexi-tine cultivat...

Soil Tillage Effect in Cotton Crop
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT An experiment to study the impact of five methods of tillage on soil physical aspects and cotton growth was established in Thessaly Greece in 1996 in order to reduce inputs in the cotton crop. The methods included conventional tillage with ploughing at 25cm, reduced tillage with heavy cultivator at 20 cm, reduced with rotary cultivator at...

Effects of Previous Cultivation of Sugarbeet on the Subsequent Cultivation of Cotton
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The effect of previous cultivation of sugarbeet, legume, cotton and corn on the subsequent crops of cotton and corn was studied in a two - year rotation cycle at two Greek locations in 1994 and 1995. This paper only discusses the two cultivation systems, 1) sugarbeet - cotton and 2) cotton - cotton. The effect of sugarbeet in cotton culti...

Performance of Two Stripper Cotton Cultivars Planted at Three Ultra-narrow Row Spacings
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Aug 3, 2018

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Ultra-narrow cotton creates new possibilities for shortening the growing season of cotton thus decreasing costs of production inputs, but the optimum row spacing for ultra-narrow planting is still under investigation. The experiment was conducted at the Texas A&M University Agricultural Research and Extension Centre in Uvalde, Texas,...