CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT STUDY OF THE DEGRADATION OF ENDOSULFAN IN SOILS
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-australia WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The degradation rate of endosulfan applied to a Black Earth soil from South East Queensland, was studied in controlled environment chambers. The degradation rates of a- and b-endosulfan were determined for the soil samples kept at the const...

FUTURE ROLE OF COTTON RESEARCH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
on Mar 13, 2017

WCRC WCRC1

Introduction                                                                Back to Table of contents Cotton is of major importance in the economies of developing countries.  It has a major impact in the agricultural, industrial, transport and service sectors of over twenty developing countries and a significant impact likewise in some fifty oth...

An Integrated Cotton Insect Pest Management System for Cotton-wheat Intercropping in North China
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-Asia WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The north China cotton region is the largest cotton-producing area in China, with 3.5 million hectares grown to cotton annually, which constitutes 65% of the nation's total cotton land. Since the 1980s, there has been a rapid expansion of c...

DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSECT SPECIFIC FUNGUS (NATURALIS–L®) FOR CONTROL OF COTTON INSECTS
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-NorthAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The insect specific fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin, ATCC 74040, formulated as Naturalis–L®, was highly effective for control of cotton insects in an integrated pest management system (IPM) for cotton in the Lower Rio Grande...

NOVEL BIOLOGICAL AND CONVENTIONAL INSECTICIDES: WHAT'S NEW?
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-NorthAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents In recent years, with the continuing burden of increasing development and registration costs, the agricultural community has been facing the loss of a number of products from its portfolio of insecticides.  Furthermore, as different governm...

THE BREAKDOWN OF LAMBDA-CYHALOTHRIN IN COTTON GROWING SOIL
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-australia WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The breakdown of lambda-cyhalothrin in cotton growing soil was studied in an indoor incubation experiment. Lambda-cyhalothrin was incubated at 30˚C in the dark in soil with different water contents. The degradation rate was similar at three...

COTTON PEST CONTROL PROBLEMS IN ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA: OPTIMISING PEST MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR A MORE SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO COTTON CULTIVATION
on Mar 13, 2017

Uncategorized

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Changes in the field effectiveness of insecticides for control of cotton pests in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India for the period 1979-92 are documented. Since 1985, cotton yields have decreased largely as a result of over dependence...

ECOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES OF MAJOR COTTON PESTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-WestCentralAfrica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Integrated pest management (IPM) should be based on sound ecological principles. It requires knowledge of the interaction between the fauna (pests and their natural enemies) and its environment.  This paper attempts to review some of the in...

HOST RESISTANCE TO THE LEAFHOPPER, AMRASCA DEVASTANS (DISTANT) IN COTTON, GOSSYPIUM SPP.
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-Asia WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The cotton leafhopper, Amrasca (Empoasca) devastans (Distant) is a key pest on Upland cotton in India and an upsurge of the pest has been noticed in recent years.  The nymphs and adults desap the leaves resulting in hopperburn, drying and s...

PEST MODELS FOR DECISION SUPPORT – DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATIONS
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-NorthAmerica WCRC1

Introduction                                                                Back to Table of contents In cotton crop management, there are many solutions to problems relating to insects, weeds, irrigation, fertilization, harvest, etc.  Almost every expert has a different solution.  How can we know which solution or recommendation is best?  One w...

ASSESSING POPULATION STRUCTURE IN THE COTTON BOLLWORM, HELICOVERPA ARMIGERA (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE), USING VARIATION IN THE A+T-RICH REGION OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-australia WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Helicoverpa armigera is an introduced pest that attacks a wide variety of agricultural crops in Australia, especially cotton.  Genetic variation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is being examined amongst individuals from different geographical...

MANAGEMENT OF THE COTTON BOLL WEEVIL WITH ATTRACT-AND-KILL-DEVICES
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-NorthAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Poison baits such as molasses laced with arsenic were employed against the cotton boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman, soon after the pest entered the United States in 1893 but were never effective. The search for an effective a...

MODELLING PHEROMONE USE FOR PINK BOLLWORM CONTROL IN EGYPT
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-MedMiddleEast WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents In 1994 Egypt will use artificial pheromones for pink bollworm control on 150,000 ha of cotton, 45% of the national crop.  The COT plant and insect simulation model has been initialised for the main long staple cotton varieties (Giza'75 and...

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF MANAGEMENT OF INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE IN HELICOVERPA ARMIGERA (HÜBNER) IN INDIA
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection Croprotection-Asia

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Insecticide resistance in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is a major threat to crop production in India.  Critical gaps in the knowledge base for management of resistant H. armigera in India are identified.  The status, need and constraints t...

IMPACT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF THE COTTON BOLL WEEVIL IN BRAZIL
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-LatinAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The populations of Anthonomus grandis Boheman that were first reported in Brazil in the state of São Paulo in February 1983, and in the state of the Paraíba in the northeastern region in August 1983, are morphologically similar to the south...

INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE IN MAJOR COTTON PESTS WORLDWIDE: INCIDENCE, MECHANISMS AND MANAGEMENT
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-NorthAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents Management of insect pests is required for successful cotton production in most of the world's cotton producing areas.  For many years insecticides have played the primary role in management programs.  The occurrence of resistance is now li...

STATUS OF TOBACCO BUDWORM PYRETHROID RESISTANCE IN MEXICO
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-LatinAmerica WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents The tobacco budworm (TBW) Heliothis virescens (F.) is a common insect pest of cotton in Mexico. Since the early 1980s pyrethroids have been used successfully for control of this and other insect pests of cotton. In order to evaluate the res...

EFFECTIVE SPRAY COVERAGE MEASURING PROCEDURES
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents A computer vision system was developed to analyse spray coverage on leaves and target paper strips.  The rapid computer analysis of the captured image gives the size distribution of the droplets and the relative area of the target that was...

INCREASED DEPOSITION OF INSECTICIDE USING TURBULENT AIR ASSISTANCE
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC Croprotection-MedMiddleEast WCRC1

Abstract                                                                         Back to Table of contents A canopy turbulent air jet sprayer was evaluated and found to achieve better coverage of both sides of cotton leaves. This opens up the possibility for the use of lower rates of conventional insecticides and perhaps also non-toxic crop oils...

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN COTTON
on Mar 13, 2017

Crop Protection WCRC WCRC1

Introduction                                                                Back to Table of contents Mr Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen;  it is a great honour to be asked to give this keynote address on Integrated Pest Management in Cotton (IPM) to this distinguished and expert audience representing such a large number of countries and such a wi...