The Solutions for Controlling Fabric Barré
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Spinning mills have many options in the raw material they purchase for producing yarns. This expansion in the availability of raw material has helped to reduce cost and to improve yarn quality and spinning efficiency. Traditionally, purchased cottons had well established seed varieties and growth regions. This resulted in few dying and fi...

JCR-Physiology and Pathology Thematic Series Call For Paper
By Quanyi LIU on Apr 4, 2019

Disease control Agronomy & physiology Climate change JCR Cotton and Environmrnt

Coordinator: Professor Hezhong DONG, Cotton Research Centre, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China; Professor Zhiguo ZHOU, Nanjing Agricultural University, China Journal of Cotton Research is hosting a thematic series on cotton physiology and pathology. The research community is encouraged to share original findings, methodology, re...

Significance of Non-Conventional Properties in Assessing Yarn Parameters
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC 3

ABSTRACT A range of cotton cultivars were grown during different crop years and locations in India. Four cotton cultivars were selected for fiber analysis and were spun in yarns of two different yarn counts with two different twist levels. The cotton fibers were analyzed by conventional instruments (HVI and FMT) and non-conventional parameters wer...

Changes of Cotton Fiber Linear Density and Maturity During the Spinning Process
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The AFIS system enables the measurement of different cotton fiber parameters in raw material and intermediate products in the successive stages of processing. In this investigation, particular attention was paid to such fiber parameters as maturity (MR, IFC) and fineness. The values of these parameters were analyzed in different stages of...

Scanning Electron Microscope of Fiber Initiation and Effect of Organic Matter on its Development in Egyptian Long and Extra-Long Staple Cotton Cultivars
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Ovules removed from Egyptian cotton cultivars Giza 45 (Extra-long staple) and Giza 89 (long staple) were examined with a scanning electron microscope at different developmental stages. One day pre-anthesis, the anatropous ovule had many anomocytic stomata, especially on the chalazal end. At anthesis, fibers first appeared on the crest of...

Ginneries and Cotton Distribution in Kenya
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton has been grown in Kenya for a long time. Cotton ginning started in the 1920s when the first buying agents received their licences. It is cultivated in the Western and Nyanza Provinces, and in the Central Eastern and Coast provinces. The objective of this study were to assess the performance of the cotton ginneries, taking into acco...

Long Linted Gossypium arboreum for Meeting Textile Industrial Needs
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Drought tolerant G. aboreum is grown in rainfed areas of India. The fiber is coarse, making it difficult to spin at higher counts. Two sets of long linted, fine cotton genotypes, DLSA and PA, developed through inter-specific hybridization and selection, were evaluated for yield and quality under rainfed conditions. Industrially acceptable...

Relationships Between Cotton Fiber Properties and Mill Processing Results from Bale to Card Sliver
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The inherent fiber properties of cotton affect the ultimate utility value of the textile end product and the processing efficiency at each stage of converting fiber to fabric. Opening, cleaning and carding in particular, dictate the quality and productivity levels that can be achieved in manufacturing carded and combed cotton yarns throug...

Comparison of Mechanical and Hand Harvesting of Cotton Regarding Lint Quality Factors under Turkish Conditions
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 2, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A research study intending to determine the effects of mechanical picking on lint quality factors in comparison with hand harvesting was carried out. Field trials were held at 8 locations in the Aegean and South East Anatolian regions. Three domestic (Nazilli-84, NC 873-143 and Sayar-314) and one American (DPL 5690) cotton varieties were...

A High-Efficiency Method of Fiber Opening andCotton Trash Removal
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton trash plays an important role on determining yarn quality. The mechanism of fiber opening and cleaning is the key technique to remove trash from raw material. In this study, a multi-fiber opening, including pre-, coarse-, fine- and microfine-opening was designed and a high-voltage static-electricity equipment combined with air suct...

Maintaining Quality of Stripper Harvested Cotton from Field to Textile Mill
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Since fiber quality cannot be improved after it has been removed from the cotton plant, it is very important that fiber quality be maintained during harvesting and ginning. Recent developments in harvesting and ginning practices have made significant advances that will better preserve fiber quality during these critical steps. One recent...

How Genotype and Temperature Modify Yarn Properties and Dye Uptake
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Genotype and weather are important factors in determining both cotton fiber quality and yield. Examinations of the effects of genotype on those fiber properties most important to textile manufacturers have led to development of cotton genotypes with potential for producing high yields of fiber with improved spinning properties. However, s...

Computerized Process Control for Gins
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A computerized gin process control system (CGPCS) to "prescription process" cotton was developed and implemented in the United States. Properly controlling the cleaning and drying that cotton receives during processing at the gin with a CGPCS increases monetary returns to the farmer, increases fiber yield and improves fiber quality. The C...

Gin Machinery1 Influence on Cotton Quality and Value
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Studies involving moisture levels, gin machines and types of cotton were conducted to assess their impact on cotton market value and fiber properties after processing with various gin machinery sequences. Bale values ranged from $357.13 for the standard machine sequence to $404.10 for the extractor-feeder/gin stand only sequence for culti...

Ginning: A New Frontier
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The quality of baled cotton fiber is not solely dependent on ginning, but reflects the entire history of the bale including variety, soil type, geographical location, cultural practices, storage, ginning, etc. Controlling the appropriate factors before ginning and prescribing the appropriate gin cleaning and drying needs of cotton can sub...

Effects of Meteorological Parameters and Irrigation on Micronaire Index of Cotton in Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 28, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The influence of temperature, rainfall, relative humidity and irrigation on the micronaire value of cotton grown in Greece during the period 1986-1994 was studied. Micronaire was positively affected by temperature, mainly by daily maximum and mean temperature. Within the temperature range encountered, depending on developmental stage, an...

Nep Content in Relation to Cotton Fiber Quality Characteristics
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 27, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Textile Technology Research Centre conducted a two-year research programme to determine the nep content in baled cotton and the actual processes that contribute to their evolution and increase. Cotton samples were collected from every ginning industry participating before the gin stand, before the lint cleaners and from the final ginned p...

Degree of Verticillium Wilt Infection and the Relative Damage in Fiber Quality Parameters
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 27, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Verticillium wilt is a major problem in many cotton producing countries. In addition to causing big losses in yield, deterioration in fiber quality affects the commercial value of cotton. This study was undertaken to determine the damage caused in fiber quality characters by various degrees of Verticillium wilt infection. Four commercial...

Fiber Property Variability from Bale to Bale
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 27, 2019

WCRC1 WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber variability at the bale level is a composite of fiber properties contributed by individual bolls. Environmental conditions, crop management and genotype have an impact on fiber property variability at the boll and seed level. Cotton plants (DPL 51, 1995; NuCOTN 33B, 1996) were grown under rainfed (RF) and...

Variability of Cotton Fiber Quality
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Mar 27, 2019

WCRC1 WCRC2

ABSTRACT Fiber quality variability is one of the key determinants of the profitability of the cotton crop. As variability increases, the risk associated with production increases and the expected return decreases. Prior to this study, variability had been characterized at the field or crop level. New technologies permit the analysis of very small...