Performance of Genetically Transformed Bt Cotton in South Africa and Implications for Emerging Small Scale Farmers
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The Delta and Pinelands cotton cultivars, NuCOTN 37B and NuCOTN 35B, containing Monsanto’s patented Bollgard® Bt-gene technology was performance tested under irrigated, rainfed and small scale conditions in all cotton producing regions of South Africa (approximately 25 trials). A minimum of 1ha of the transgenic cultivar was planted adjac...

Carfentrazone-Ethyl (F8426): a New Low-Dose Cotton Defoliant
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Carfentrazone-ethyl is a new low dose Protox inhibitor that is currently under development as a post-emergence broad-leaf herbicide in a wide range of crops. It has an excellent toxicological and environmental profile and is already registered for use in cereals in many countries, e.g. Germany, UK and France. Field trials conducted in Gre...

Gaucho - A New Dimension in Cotton Seed Treatment
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 17, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Imidcloprin is the active ingredient of Gaucho®. If belongs to the new chloronicotinyle group of active ingredients. It is user-safe and environmentally friendly with good biological effectiveness and root systemic efficacy. Field tests in various cotton producing countries have shown that Gaucho performs well against early season sucking...

The Effect of Sludge and Water from a Sewage Treatment Plant on the Growth of Cotton Plants
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The effect of water and sludge from a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) in Keratea, Greece, on the growth of G. hirsutum was studied in a pot experiment. Cotton plants were grouped according to the substrate in which they were cultivated: soil, soil + fertilizer, soil + sludge in two different rates (10:1 and 2:1). Half of the plants in each g...

Cotton Boll Weevil Research in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay in the Framework of the ICAC / 04 Project
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

Overview of Project Activities The boll weevil, the most destructive pest of the cotton crop in America, spread to Venezuela in 1949, was detected in Brazil in 1983 (Burke et al., 1986) and in Paraguay in 1991, becoming a major cotton pest in this two countries. In 1993 the boll weevil was detected in Argentina in the areas bordering Paraguay (Góm...

Factors Limiting Cotton Productivity in Uganda
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton is one of the major traditional export crops in Uganda. The crop is grown by smallholder farmers on 1 ha or less, with average yield of 388 kg/ha. Seed cotton yields, however, range between 200 kg/ha in the North-East to 1000 kg/ha in the West. At research institutes, yields of between 1500 kg and 2500 kg/ha are obtainable. The hug...

Waxes and Wax Pores of Adult Silverleaf Whiteflies, Bemesia argentifolia, and their Dustywing Predator, Semidalis flinti
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Adult whiteflies and dustywing cover all parts of the body except the eyes with waxy particles. Whiteflies produce filaments of a waxy material from abdominal wax plates, composed of many pores and use their tibia to periodically break off the extruding filaments to form waxy particles. The particles are a mixture of long-chain aldehydes...

Comparison Between Conventional and Organic Cotton Growing in Greece: Economics of Four Year Studies
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton is one of the world’s highest consumers of fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. The extensive use of agrochemicals has substantially reduced the crop profitability and viability, giving rise to a multitude of problems related to crop production, organic matter reduction, soil erosion, environmental pollution, groundwater contami...

Cottonseed Utilization and Human Nutrition
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The introduction of glandless cotton, which is free of the ‘gossypol’ pigments, makes possible a reduction of processing cost and refining loss of edible cottonseed oil and also enables cottonseeds and/or cottonseed protein to be consumed by swine, poultry and humans. Cottonseed utilization in human foods offers a tremendous new market fo...

Losses Incurring During Cotton Mechanical Harvesting, in Central Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT An investigation on the losses incurring during cotton mechanical harvesting was undertaken during the last five years within a programme to assess the performance of cotton pickers in the area. The investigation was on commercial fields as well as experimental fields. Losses were defined as pre-harvest (the cotton that fell on the ground...

A Comparative Cost Analysis of Organic and Conventional Cotton Production in Viotia - Greece
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Cotton growing in Greece has been drastically affected by E.U. policies, oversupply and declining prices. Cotton cultivation also ranks high in the list of heavily polluting crops. The perspectives of liberalized world agricultural markets and the danger of declining soil fertility make alternative cotton cultivation techniques a timely a...

Integrated Pest Management for Cotton: An International Project Funded by the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT This joint international project involves Egypt, Ethiopia, Israel and Zimbabwe. It aims to develop integrated methods for the control of whitefly and aphids, .the insects that cause stickiness. The CFC approved the project in 1994 for a research period of four years and extended it into a fifth year. The project is now in its fourth year...

The Brazilian Cotton Crisis
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT In 1969 Brazil was considered the third largest cotton exporter in the world. At the end of 1973, the Brazilian Government intervened in the exports. After 1985 Brazil changed from a marginal net importer to one of the largest cotton importers in the world. Cotton production in Brazil was historically based on two scenarios. The most impo...

Cotton Seed Scenario in India
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 16, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The species composition of cotton in India is 40% hybrids, 30% Gossypium hirsutum, 30% G. arboreum and G. herbaceum with G. barbadense occupying a negligible area. Seed requirement on 100% Seed Replacement Rate is about 0.8 million quintals. Seed certification is voluntary under the Govt. of India Seed Act of 1966, so certified, truthfull...

JCR-Genome-wide identification of Gossypium INDETERMINATE DOMAIN genes and their expression profiles in ovule development and abiotic stress responses
By Fan Qin on Apr 11, 2019

Breeding & Genetic improvement Biomol - Biotechnology JCR

Background INDETERMINATE DOMAIN (IDD) transcription factors form one of the largest and most conserved gene families in plant kingdom and play important roles in various processes of plant growth and development, such as flower induction in term of flowering control. Till date, systematic and functional analysis of IDDgenes remained infancy in c...

Fiber Maturity as Measured by the Degree of Thickening Percent, Lord Method and Shirley FMT Instrument in Egyptian Cotton Cultivars
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Samples of twelve commercial Egyptian cotton cultivars were taken from the miniature experiments conducted by CRI, ARC, Giza, during the two successive seasons, 1992 and 1993 from ten growth regions in Egypt. “Standard Method” for estimating fiber maturity was performed as degree of thickening percent (DTP) by swelling fibers with NaOH 18...

Fiber Fineness and Maturity as Measured by Image Analysis, AFIS, MANTIS and HVI Methods in Some Egyptian and American Cotton Cultivars
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT Fiber samples for eight Egyptian and eight American cotton cultivars were measured by Image Analysis, AFIS, Mantis and HVI methods in the laboratories of the SRRC, ARS, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Fiber fineness and maturity measurements, i.e. cross section area, perimeter, diameter, circulatory and micronaire value, measured by image an...

Specific Surface Area of Cotton Measured by Methylene Blue Absorption and Relation to its Fineness
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The specific surface area of six cotton fiber samples from ICCS was estimated by means of methylene blue adsorption in the liquid phase. The adsorption kinetic of the dye on these cotton fibers was determined to obtain the conditions of adsorption isotherm. This was held at 25°C with shaking rotation at 180 rpm. for 24 hours. The concentr...

HVI: The System that has Revolutionised the Testing of Cotton Fiber Quality
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT The development and introduction of the High Volume Instrument (HVI) system represents the greatest advance in cotton fiber quality testing this century. This paper discusses the history, application and benefits of the HVI system as well as some of the problem areas and future developments in this technology Back to Table of contents

Update on HVI Measurements
By Muhammad Naveed Arshad on Apr 4, 2019

WCRC WCRC2

ABSTRACT A pre-production model Premier Automatic HVI instrument from Premier Polytronics was evaluated on a wide range of cotton samples. Its performance is very promising Back to Table of contents